The magnitude of changes we have experienced over the past couple of decades gives a sneak peek into the future disruptions that will accelerate only with time. Which shape the future of education will take is still not entirely clear, but most educators and observers agree that the future of learning will go beyond the “classroom” boundaries. Modern technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning, Virtual Reality, and Blockchain are not only changing students ‘ learning spacesbut are also shaking up the very role of educators and remodelling modern classrooms.
Today, it is a reality that rapidly changing technologies have changed the way we need to measure certain aspects of creating “new global citizens” who will need to learn the art of living with Sophia. She became the world’s first robot citizen last year when the advanced lifelike humanoid robot ‘ Sophia’ was named a citizen of Saudi Arabia. With very limited interventions, Tesla’s new $5 billion Gigafactory will be nearly 100 percent automated.Therefore, once confined to the pages of futuristic dystopian fiction, new-age technologies promise to be the most profoundly disruptive shift as the industrial revolution and our educational institutions need to adopt modern teaching and learning systems to keep pace.
If we simply go by number, by 2030, the number of school children in India in the 4-17 age bracket is estimated at 300 million, while 140 million young people in the 18-23 age group will be enrolled in colleges and universities with an estimated 50 percent Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER). All the disruptive innovations of the new age will reflect on the potential impact of our educational system offerings on quality and reach. Ignoring them is not an option, nor is it an approach of waiting and seeing.
The various initiatives of the government are therefore aimed at developing a favourable environment for “futuristic education.” The establishment of Atal Tinkering Labs and Atal Innovation Centers aims to instil in young learners a culture of scientific innovation. Impacting Research, Innovation, and Technology (IMRINT) has begun to stimulate social innovation. The expansion of Active-Learning Study Webs for Young Aspiring Minds (SWAYAM) aims to include more online learning students.
Institutions in the quality and credibility of the private sector also work towards knowledge creation by integrating modern learning pedagogies and instruments. Modern classrooms are being developed with new-age technologies and collaborative tools to create an environment of “intelligent learning.” Their focus was on developing key competencies such as critical thinking, problem-solving, collaboration, and creativity.
In addition, in order to realize India’s dream of becoming a global human resource hub, our education system needs to integrate the following effectively:
Personalized Learning: Personalized learning that involves expanding the educational concepts of differentiation and individualization to connect with the interests and experiences of the learner and meet his / her needs, abilities and interests should be encouraged.
Effective e-learning environment: In order to create a “global learning environment,” the advent of digitally-enabled classrooms, cloud-based content, e-books and online assessments should be integrated.
Adaptive learning through modern technologies: Adaptive learning systems and technologies such as AI, Machine Learning, Virtual Reality, Blockchain can help with custom learning. Machine learning can also facilitate the development of conversational programs such as chatbots along with natural processing and speech recognition technologies.
Promoting research and innovation: Integration of innovation through research and technology could be a major driver of increased productivity, economic growth, social transformation, and the redefinition and redefinition of every sphere of our social and economic structure.
Increased global visibility: Improving Indian Education System’s attractiveness and competitiveness is the key to making it truly global. “Study in India” government initiative has the potential to develop India as a strong brand to ensure that we remain competitive in attracting students, faculty and international partners.
We need a partnership between a student — a learner, the teacher — a facilitator and the government agency — an enabler to create a globally competitive education system.