The technical education system in our country has grown into a large-sized system since independence. Technology is touching every aspect of life and society, offering opportunities for education and training in a wide variety of trades and disciplines at a certificate, diploma, degree, postgraduate degree and doctoral levels in institutions located throughout the country.
However, the general higher education scenario in India is yet to be potentially mapped with the global quality standards. There is a need for an increased assessment of the quality of the country’s educational institutions. The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) was set up in 1945 to maintain the standard of technical education. Responsible for the planning, formulation and maintenance of norms and standards, it also assures quality through accreditation, funding in priority areas, monitoring and evaluation, maintaining parity of certification and awards and ensuring coordinated and integrated development and management of technical education in the country.
In the modern age, there is a huge demand for technical education. General education, often substituted by professional technical education, offers a good opportunity for employment and successful career. Imparted at various levels such as craftsmanship, diploma, and degree, post-graduate and research in specialized fields in India, technical education caters to various aspects of technological development and economic progress.
There are two structural streams in India for acquiring the technical education – formal and informal. Formal sources of technical education include Polytechnics, Industrial Training Institutes, Industrial Training Centers, centrally sponsored scheme of vocationalisation of Secondary Education by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. Self-learning and small private institutes providing-short term technical course are categorized as informal ones.
To combat the technical knowledge deficiency in our nation, we need to impart technical education at all the above mentioned basic levels. We need skilled workers, mechanized farming, engineers to man the manufactured goods worth crores of rupees are being imported every year etc. Our industries are yet in nascent stage and the growth is only possible if the education takes a technical turn and if skilled labour is made available.